MORE THAN DIPLOMACY
By W. Phillips Davison
THE PRESIDENT, the Congress and the military are important influences in making foreign policy and in moulding public opinion about that policy. But the basic agency is, of course, the State Department. That is why, as has been said, the Department has the ranking place in this book. That is why its opinion operations should be studied in greater detail than any of the others. This chapter is such a study of the State Department's operations in the field of opinion at home.
The functions of the Department with regard to public opinion in the nation are largely organized in the Office of Public Affairs, under jurisdiction of the Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs. In this office are several divisions dealing with special fields.1 The functions at home are twofold:
First there are the intelligence functions. The Department must know what people are thinking about foreign policy. It has to gauge public opinion to determine what policies do have widespread support and what policies do not. It has to discover and classify the areas of ignorance____________________