Military Relations between the United States and Canada, 1939-1945

By Stanley W. Dziuban | Go to book overview

Appendix A
Recommendations of the Permanent Joint Board on Defense, Canada-United States, 26 August 1940- 1 September 19451

FIRST RECOMMENDATION 26 August 1940

Exchange of Information

It was agreed that there should be a full and complete exchange of military, air and naval information between the two Sections of the Board, with the understanding that each Section would be free to convey to its government any information they received.

Action by U.S. Government: There appears to be no specific evidence in the files of the U.S. Section of approving or disapproving action. However, in the Progress Reports annexed to the Journal of Discussions and Decisions for the 20 21 January 1941 and subsequent meetings, members of the U.S. Section of the Board reported on the progress of action under this recommendation. It is apparent that at least informal approval was implied, or that approval had been taken for granted. This lack of evidence may be accounted for by the fact that the board at its early meetings attacked a large number of substantive problems without concerning itself adequately with procedural and administrative problems.

Action by Canadian Government: Approved, 5 September 1940.2

SECOND RECOMMENDATION 27 August 1940Defense of Newfoundland
A. The Island of Newfoundland occupies a commanding position at the entrance of the St. Lawrence-Great Lakes waterway and on the flank of the sea route between the Atlantic seaboard of North America and Northern Europe. It is on the direct air route between the East Coast of the United States and Northern Europe. It is the point in North America, nearest to Europe, from which, if occupied by an enemy, further operations against the North American continent might be effectively initiated. As such it should be adequately defended.
B. The forces in Newfoundland now consist of one battalion of infantry for the defense of Botwood and the Newfoundland airport, a battery of two 4.7-inch guns now being
____________________
1
Texts of recommendations and dates on which they were made are to be found in the appropriate Journal of Discussions and Decisions for the meeting held on the date indicated. These journals are to be found in file PDB 124.
2
Memo, Secy, U.S. Section, for Acting Chairman, U.S. Section, 12 Dec 51, PDB 124-1. This list tabulates the dates of approval of the various recommendations by both governments as determined through a co-ordinated study made by the two secretaries in 1951 of the files kept since 1940. It is hereafter cited as the 12 Dec 51 List. At least in regard to action by the U.S. Government, this list is not always accurate, and it is cited only when more authoritative data could not be found.

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