Ordered Liberty: A Constitutional History of New York

By Peter J. Galie | Go to book overview

3
Establishing the New
Government: 1777-1800

ON MAY 3, 1777, the convention appointed a Council of Safety to govern the state during the interim between the adoption of the constitution and its implementation. The convention also elected Robert Livingston as Chancellor, John Jay as Chief Justice, and Robert Yates and John Hobart Sloss as associate justices of the Supreme Court. Egbert Benson was appointed attorney general. Except Benson, all were members of the Committee on Government, which drafted the constitution.

If the high property requirement for voting in the gubernatorial election for governor was intended to ensure conservative control of that office, it failed from the beginning, as evidenced by the election of George Clinton over the conservative candidate, Philip Schuyler. At that same election members of the senate and assembly were elected. On September 10, 1777, the two houses of the first legislature met in the courthouse in Kingston to hear Governor Clinton,'s speech. The election, however, did not terminate the convention or the Council of Safety. When the legislature convened in October it assembled as a convention to provide for the safety of the state and thus appointed a new Council of Safety. It was one thing to write and adopt a constitution, literally under the gun, but it was quite another to carry on constitutional government during armed conflict. The tasks confronting New Yorkers were daunting: a viable government had to be erected; a war had to be fought and financed; Tories, of whom there were many, had to be suppressed; and chaotic socio-economic conditions had to be addressed. 1 The ruthless policies adopted in New York were likely related to the size of the loyalist population in the state and to the fact that British forces occupied New York City for so long. 2 These extraconstitutional bodies were given the same authority as the former convention and council: the power to govern. From April 3, 1775, the date of the last meeting of the colonial assembly, until January 15, 1778 when the legislature resumed session, all legislation enacted was by these conventions and councils. Their extra-constitutional -- not to say unconstitutional -- status raised a number of questions. When the legis-

-56-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Ordered Liberty: A Constitutional History of New York
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 409

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.