CAUSES AND RESULTS
THE two previous chapters have shown us a policy, which I have called economic imperialism, at work in Asia and Africa. Its manifestations are, as I said at the beginning, only part of that world movement which has led to the penetration of Asia and Africa by the political and economic system of Europe. We have here an international problem which centres round the relations between western civilisation and the civilisations of Africa and the East. I have endeavoured to prove, within the limits of the space at my disposal, my original statement that the active principle in a civilisation or in a policy is men's beliefs and desires. The treatment of Africans and Chinese by Europeans and their States has been primarily determined by the political and economic beliefs and motives with which Europeans have approached Africa and China.