Bibliographical references are included only when they supplement those cited in the biographic section of Werner Haftmann, Malerei im 20. Jahrhundert, Munich, 1954, pp. 482-533.
painter, graphic artist, designer
Born in Bottrop, Westphalia, 1888. Studied at the Royal Art School, Berlin, 1913-15; at the School of Applied Art, Essen, 1916-19; at the Munich Academy, 1919-20; and at the Bauhaus, Weimar, 1920-23. Member of the faculty of the Bauhaus, 1923-33. Emigrated to the United States in 1933. Taught at Black Mountain College, North Carolina, 1933-49. Professor at Yale University, 1949-56. Now lives in New Haven, Connecticut.
George Heard Hamilton, Josef Albers, Painting, Prints, Projects (exhibition catalogue with selected bibliography), Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, 1956.
painter, sculptor, graphic artist
Born in Strassburg, 1887. Studied first at Weimar and then in Paris and Munich. Associated with the Blaue Reiter in Munich, 1911. Lived in Switzerland, 1914-242. Cofounder of Dada in Zurich, 1916. In Cologne with Max Ernst, 1919. In Paris, 1922; associated with Surrealism. Lived in Meudon near Paris, 1926-40. Moved to Switzerland, 1941-45. In 1945 returned to Meudon, where he now lives.
sculptor, graphic artist, poet, dramatist
Born in Wedel, Holstein, 1870. Studied at the School of Applied Art, Hamburg, and the Dresden Academy, 1888-95. Student in Paris at the Académie Julian, 1895-96. Lived in Paris, Hamburg and Berlin 1897-1901. In Wedel, 1901-04. Teacher at trade school of Hoehr, 1904-05. Visited southern Russia, 1906. Settled in Güstrow, 1910. Died in Rostock, 1938.