China Only Yesterday, 1850-1950: A Century of Change

By Emily Hahn | Go to book overview

GLOSSARY
Chinese and Manchu names are confusing to foreigners until they are accustomed to them, and at first all seem much alike. It is well to remember that the Chinese place what we know as the surname first. Thus General Chiang Kai-shek is General Chiang, whose "Christian" name is Kai-shek. Chinese also have a custom that makes things all the more difficult for us, of using more than one "Christian" name in the course of a life. The bearer discards his childhood or "milk" name in favor of an adult one, or may be known by a nickname. Emperors' nomenclature is even worse for the unfortunate foreigner. A man succeeding to the throne acquired a reign-title, which strictly speaking was not a name at all. The Emperor commonly called "Kuang-hsü," for example, was in fact the Kuang-hsü Emperor. He also had a temple-name. To avoid being cumbersome, the writer has not been too meticulous about observing the niceties of reign-titles, and like other non-Chinese writers sometimes uses them as names.Word comes from the East that the new regime in China is scrapping the Wade system of romanized spelling for Chinese characters, and writes --for one instance--"run" for the character meaning "man" instead, as in the Wade system, of "jen." It is actually pronounced "run," after all, and is a common-sense reform long overdue. But the change has not yet spread to these parts, and the writer, therefore, has cravenly continued to abide more or less by Wade, a standard of more or less being all one can ever claim to achieve. That is part of the trouble with Wade.The following list is of people in the book with names that might give the reader trouble.
Aluteh. The Empress, wife of Emperor T'ung-chih and daughter-in-law of Tzu-hsi.
An Te-hai. One of Tzu-hsi's favorite eunuchs. Chang Hsueh-liang. The "Young Marshal" of Manchuria, son of the "Old Marshal."
Chang Hsün. The "pigtailed general" of monarchist sympathies, who defended Pu-i and fought Sun Yat-sen's army.
Chang Tso-lin. The "Old Marshal," war lord of Manchuria.

-403-

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China Only Yesterday, 1850-1950: A Century of Change
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 4
  • Acknowledgements 7
  • Chapter One 11
  • Chapter Two 28
  • Chapter Three 41
  • Chapter Four 55
  • Chapter Five 71
  • Chapter Six 88
  • Chapter Seven 107
  • Chapter Eight 125
  • Chapter Nine 146
  • Chapter Ten 162
  • Chapter Eleven 183
  • Chapter Twelve 199
  • Chapter Thirteen 217
  • Chapter Fourteen 237
  • Chapter Fifteen 253
  • Chapter Sixteen 278
  • Chapter Seventeen 295
  • Chapter Eighteen 314
  • Chapter Nineteen 332
  • Chapter Twenty 353
  • Chapter Twenty-One 368
  • Chapter Twenty-Two 383
  • Glossary 403
  • Bibliography 407
  • Index 411
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