Ideologies, Goals, and Values

By Feliks Gross | Go to book overview

2
Ideologies--The World Outlook and Values

I hope, now, that there is no risk of your misunderstanding when I come to the gist of what I want to say tonight--when I repeat, that every great national architecture has been the result and exponent of a great national religion. You can't have bits here and bits there--you must have it everywhere or nowhere. It is not the monopoly of a clerical company--it is not an exponent of a theological dogma--it is not the hieroglyphic writing of an initiated priesthood; it is the manly language of people inspired by resolute and common purpose, and rendering resolute and common fidelity to the legible laws and undoubted God.

John Ruskin ( The Crown of Wild Olive, 1864)

. . . for it is the ideals of a people rather than geography they have outgrown that determine their destiny; and in Kansas, as has been well said, it is the ideas of the Pilgrims, not their descendants, that have had dominion in their young commonwealth. Ideas, sometimes, as well as the star of the empire move westward, and so it happens that Kansas is more Puritan than New England of today. It is akin to New England of the early days. . . .

Carl Becker ( Kansas)


World Outlook

The directive-regulatory apparatus is related to and in part located within the world outlook or idea system of a culture. Hence, let us move to the discussion of idea systems or ideologies.

Every society creates a world outlook--a metaphysical or philosophical idea

-26-

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Ideologies, Goals, and Values
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Sociology Series Editor: Don Martindale ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Foreword ix
  • Introduction xxi
  • Acknowledgments xxxiii
  • Part I Ideologies 1
  • 1: The Directive and Regulatory System 3
  • 2: Ideologies--The World Outlook and Values 26
  • 3: The Structure of Ideologies 44
  • 4: The Appeal and Function of Values 58
  • 5: Definition of Values 71
  • Part II Goals 75
  • 6: Types of Goals 77
  • 7: Formation of Goals 91
  • 8: Horizontal Sequence of Goals 103
  • 9: Strategies 119
  • 10: Social Planning and Ethics 128
  • 11: The Logic of Planning 145
  • 12: Distant Goals 156
  • 13: Social Rhythm and Cyclical Goals 183
  • Part III Values 209
  • 14: Hierarchies of Values 211
  • 15: Multiple Sets of Values 237
  • 16: In Search of Universal Values 273
  • 17: Toleration and Pluralism 300
  • Bibliography 321
  • Index 337
  • About the Author 345
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