Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations

By Michael Walzer | Go to book overview

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

In writing about war, I have had the support of many allies, institutional and personal. I began my research during the academic year 1971-72, while working at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford, California. I wrote a version of the preface and of chapter 1 at Mishkenot Sha'ananim (Peaceful Habitations) in Jerusalem, Israel in the summer of 1974 -- a visit made possible by the Jerusalem Foundation; the bulk of the book was completed in 1975-76, while I was a Guggenheim Fellow.

Over the past nine years, I have gone to school with the members of the Society for Ethical and Legal Philosophy, and while none of them are responsible for any of the arguments in this book, they have collectively had a great deal to do with the writing of it. I am especially grateful to Judith Jarvis Thompson, who read the entire manuscript and made many valuable suggestions. With Robert Nozick I have quarreled amicably about some of the hardest issues in the theory of war and his arguments, hypothetical cases, queries, and proposals helped me shape my own presentation.

My friend and colleague Robert Amdur read most of the chapters and he often forced me to think about them again. Marvin Kohl and Judith Walzer read portions of the manuscript; their comments on matters of style and substance have often been incorporated into my pages. I am grateful also to Philip Green, Yehuda Melzer, Miles Morgan, and John Schrecker.

During a quarter at Stanford University and for several years at Harvard, I taught a course on the just war, and learned while I was teaching -- from colleagues and students alike. I will always be glad of the cooling skepticism of Stanley Hoffmann and Judith Shklar. I also benefited from the comments and criticisms of Charles Bahmueller, Donald Goldstein, Miles Kahler, Sanford Levinson, Dan Little, Gerald McElroy, and David Pollack.

Martin Kessler of Basic Books conceived this book almost before I did, and has assisted and encouraged me at every stage of the writing of it.

When I was almost finished, Betty Butterfield undertook to type the final draft and set an astonishing pace, both for herself and for

-xxv-

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Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface to the Third Edition xi
  • Preface xvii
  • Acknowledgments xxv
  • Part One - The Moral Reality of War 1
  • 1 - Against "Realism" 3
  • 2 - The Crime of War 21
  • 3 - The Rules of War 34
  • Part Two - The Theory of Aggression 49
  • 4 - Law and Order in International Society 51
  • 5 - Anticipations 74
  • 6 - Interventions 86
  • 7 - War's Ends, and the Importance of Winning 109
  • Part Three - The War Convention 125
  • 8 - War's Means, and the Importance of Fighting Well 127
  • 9 - Noncombatant Immunity and Military Necessity 138
  • 10 - War against Civilians: Sieges and Blockades 160
  • 11 - Guerrilla War 176
  • 12 - Terrorism 197
  • 13 - Reprisals 207
  • Part Four - Dilemmas of War 223
  • 14 - Winning and Fighting Well 225
  • 15 - Aggression and Neutrality 233
  • 16 - Supreme Emergency 251
  • 17 - Nuclear Deterrence 269
  • Part Five - The Question of Responsibility 285
  • 18 - The Crime of Aggression: Political Leaders and Citizens 287
  • 19 - War Crimes: Soldiers and Their Officers 304
  • Afterword - Nonviolence and the Theory of War 329
  • Notes 337
  • Index 355
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