Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations

By Michael Walzer | Go to book overview

NOTES

Preface
1.
The most concise and forceful exposition of these reasons is Stanley Hoffmann , "International law and the Control of Force", in The Relevance of International Law, ed. Karl Deutsch and Stanley Hoffmann ( New York, 1971), pp. 34-66. Given the present state of the law, I have most often cited positivists of an earlier age, especially W. E. Hall, John Westlake, and J. M. Spaight.
2.
The pioneering work of this sort is Myres S. McDougal and Florentino P. Feliciano , Law and Minimum World Public Order ( New Haven, 1961).
3
For a useful study of these writers, see James Turner Johnson, Ideology, Reason, and the Limitation of War: Religious and Secular Concepts, 1200-1740 ( Princeton, 1975).

1 Against "Realism"
1
This and subsequent quotations are from Hobbes' Thucydides, ed. Richard Schlatter ( New Brunswick, N.J., 1975), pp. 377-85 ( The History of The Peloponnesian War, 5:84-116).
2
Dionysius of Halicarnassus, On Thucydides, trans. W. Kendrick Pritchett ( Berkeley, 1975), pp. 31-33.
3
See F. M. Cornford, Thucydides Mythistoricus ( London, 1907), esp. ch. XIII.
4
The Trojan Women, trans. Gilbert Murray ( London, 1905), p. 16.
5
Werner Jaeger, Paideia: the Ideals of Greek Culture, trans. Gilbert Highet ( New York, 1939), I, 402.
6
H. W. Fowler, A Dictionary of Modern English Usage, second ed., rev. Sir Ernest Cowers ( New York, 1965), p. 168; cf. Jaeger, I, 397.
7
Plutarch's Lives, trans. John Dryden, rev. Arthur Hugh Clough ( London, 1910), I, 303. Alcibiades also "selected for himself one of the captive Melian women . . ."
8
Hobbes' Thucydides, pp. 194-204 ( The History of the Peloponnesian War, 3:36-49).
9
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, ch. IV.
10
The Charterhouse of Parma, I, chs. 3 and 4; J. F. C. Fuller, A Military History of the Western World (n.p., 1955), II, ch. 15.
11
C. W. C. Oman, The Art of War in the Middle Ages ( Ithaca, N.Y., 1968), p. 137.
12
Raphael Holinshed, "Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland", excerpted in William Shakespeare, The Life of Henry V (Signet Classics, New York, 1965), p. 197.
13
Henry V, 4:7, ll. 2-11.

-337-

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Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface to the Third Edition xi
  • Preface xvii
  • Acknowledgments xxv
  • Part One - The Moral Reality of War 1
  • 1 - Against "Realism" 3
  • 2 - The Crime of War 21
  • 3 - The Rules of War 34
  • Part Two - The Theory of Aggression 49
  • 4 - Law and Order in International Society 51
  • 5 - Anticipations 74
  • 6 - Interventions 86
  • 7 - War's Ends, and the Importance of Winning 109
  • Part Three - The War Convention 125
  • 8 - War's Means, and the Importance of Fighting Well 127
  • 9 - Noncombatant Immunity and Military Necessity 138
  • 10 - War against Civilians: Sieges and Blockades 160
  • 11 - Guerrilla War 176
  • 12 - Terrorism 197
  • 13 - Reprisals 207
  • Part Four - Dilemmas of War 223
  • 14 - Winning and Fighting Well 225
  • 15 - Aggression and Neutrality 233
  • 16 - Supreme Emergency 251
  • 17 - Nuclear Deterrence 269
  • Part Five - The Question of Responsibility 285
  • 18 - The Crime of Aggression: Political Leaders and Citizens 287
  • 19 - War Crimes: Soldiers and Their Officers 304
  • Afterword - Nonviolence and the Theory of War 329
  • Notes 337
  • Index 355
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