OF WORLD ORDER
"Parliament of Mankind"
The United Nations organization, as achieved at the San Francisco Conference in 1945, was the creation of the victorious "wartime Alliance against Fascism." By definition, the defeated Axis powers did not participate in its creation; nor did the few remaining neutral countries who outlived the war. These latter, indeed, when they later came to apply for membership, had to run the political gauntlet in meeting the legal criteria for membership established under the Charter. The Soviet jurist, Judge Krylov, in a dissenting opinion in the World Court Advisory Opinion of 1948 on Conditions of Admission of a State to Membership in the United Nations, suggested that Eire was not a "peace-loving" state, as stipulated in Article 4 (1) of the Charter, because it had not taken part in World War II. In Judge Krylov's view, to be peace-loving was no mere passive state of mind, as the terms used in the French text of the Charter — "état pacifique" — might imply. On the contrary, the English text's "peace‐ loving," the Spanish text's "amantes de la paz," and also the Russian and Chinese texts, had a more active sense, which made "tak(ing) part in World War II alongside the democratic countries" a relevant criterion for admission to membership in the United Nations.
The point is, of course, that the United Nations Charter, originally conceived and drafted as a blueprint of world public order, was the creation of only a part of the world community — the victorious Allies. Even here, the actual drafting was the work of a relatively small group of major powers, with the Soviet