Additional works for this edition ( 1998) appear on pages 372-75.
A single author cannot deal with a subject as vast as that of business in the late Middle Ages. During the last fifty years, understanding of economic and social history has been greatly advanced by a number of detailed monographs. These studies are limited in perspective, based as they are on documentary sources and archival material bearing on specific subjects. Most of them treat particular towns or types of merchandise.
This means that, in the following bibliographical guide, any form of classification is misleading. A book on Bruges may include an analysis of European monetary phenomena; a study of Toulouse may provide unique insights into the origins of small-scale capitalism; a dissertation on the fur trade may shed new light on a possible relationship between business and fashion. In such cases it is difficult to distinguish between what bears on general history and what has more limited significance.
To make consultation easier, I simply list the works in alphabetical order by author. For editions of primary sources other than those long published under the name of their medieval author, it has become customary to list anonymous works by their titles. However, for the sake of convenience, I prefer to list them by the names of their modern editors.
This bibliography is limited to generally available works that themselves contain useful bibliographies. Because of the breadth of the subject it is impossible to list the hundreds of fundamentally important articles I have consulted, which are often difficult to obtain outside of research libraries. Generally the major insights and conclusions drawn in such articles are incorporated into more general works.
Balard, Michel. Gênes et l'Outre-Mer., vol. I. Les actes de Caffa du notaire Lamberto di Sambuceto, 1289-1290. Paris/ The Hague. 1973.