The Tenth of Tebeth--The Wanderdoom (Galuth) of the Jewish people and its Significance.
THE Tenth of Tebeth is the first of the four fasts which perpetuate amongst Jews the memory of their twice-suffered catastrophe, the downfall of the Jewish State.
This memorial is no mere form.
You are not invited to a merely idle mourning, to look back a little, to tic crêpe on your sleeve, and to dedicate a tear of sadness to the departed great. The anniversaries of the fall of Jerusalem and Zion find you fasting. This fasting beckons you on. It reminds you that Jerusalem and Zion have not fallen for ever. It reminds you that it lies in your hands to make "the fast of the fourth month and the fast of the fifth and the fast of the seventh and the fast of the tenth month to become to the House of Judah days of joy and delight". ( Zechariah 8. 19.) It reminds you that you have but to will it and Jerusalem and Zion will rise again.
For look, you fast on these days of remembrance in order to tell yourself that your fate and your life's task are still linked with this catastrophe, and you have to go on repeating this fast until your destiny is fulfilled and until you can comprehend and accomplish your life's task.
Your fate is called "Galuth" and your life's task "Teshubah."
When on such days of remembrance you look back on the last two thousand years of your history--and you belong to the only race of mankind now living which can look back to the fourth millennium of its history--what a glorious picture meets your eyes! Everywhere at home, yet everywhere a stranger, everywhere a stranger yet everywhere at home--mixing in the affairs of all peoples yet not taking root in them, in its thoughts and feelings, hopes and fears, movements and activities belonging to every period yet transcending every period, taking part actively in the cares and strivings of the other peoples yet