This particular model may be utilized to encompass the various approaches to understanding sexuality that are described in the following chapters. As indicated by the chapter numbers in the boxes in Fig. 1.1, all approaches represented here are interested in sexual behavior; it is in the other constructs of the model where differences in focus become apparent. It is hoped that the juxtaposition of these approaches in books such as this will encourage each of us to look beyond a single scientific focus in viewing human sexuality. As a relatively typical social psychologist in this respect, I must confess to all too frequently succumbing to the tendency (as Gallup phrases it) to pay lip service to genetic influences--and to cultural and physiological ones as well. A broadened perspective could be expected for all of us if there were an increase in interdisciplinary research ( Allgeier, 1984).
Given the growing interest in research on sexuality, the rapid development of appropriate methodologies, the avalanche of empirical data, and the generation of new theoretical formulations (e.g., Abramson, 1982; Mosher, 1980; Storms, 1981; Zillmann, 1983), the future of this field is both exciting and an occasion for scientific optimism.
Abramson P. R. ( 1982). The sexual system: A theory of human sexual behavior. New York: Academic Press.
Aguero J. E., Byrne D., & Heslin R. ( 1984). The effects of attitude similarity on heterosexual dislike of homosexuals. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Allgeier E. R. ( 1984, April). State of the science: Sex research--contrasts and compliments. Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Region of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sex, Philadelphia.
Becker M. A., & Byrne D. ( 1985). "Self-regulated exposure to erotica, recall errors, and subjective reactions as a function of erotophobia and Type A coronary-prone behavior". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 228-235.
Byrne D. ( 1971). The attraction paradigm. New York: Academic Press.
Byrne D. ( 1982). "Predicting human sexual behavior". In A. G. Kraut (Ed.), The G. Stanley Hall lecture series (Vol. 2, pp. 207-254). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Byrne D., & Becker M. A. ( 1985, March). Sexual interaction as a function of husbands' and wives' sexual attitudes. Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston.
Davis K. B. ( 1929). Factors in the sex life of 2,200 women. New York: Harper & Row.
Ellis H. ( 1936). Studies in the psychology of sex. New York: Random House. (Originally published in 1899.)