In Iliad 6, Glaucus tells the story of his ancestor Bellerophon, an exile who accomplished a series of labours and won a bride and a country.
But when he too became hateful to all the gods, he wandered alone along the Alean plain, eating his heart out, avoiding the tracks of men. (Il. 6. 200-2)
While the passage does not actually describe Bellerophon as mad, later on the Homeric1 Bellerophon becomes a paradigmatic example of the madman. Thus in the pseudo-Aristotelian Problem 30 this passage is quoted to support the assertion that Ajax and Bellerophon were both melancholics, (ὡ+̂ν ὃ μὲνἐκστα2TGRτικὸç ἐγένετο παντελῶç, ὁ δὲ τὰç ἐρημίαç 1F10ωκεν, διὸ οὺ+̔τωç 1F10ποίησεν Ομηροç . . . ('of whom one was completely, and the other sought solitude, on which account Homer thus described him . . . ').2 Two aspects of Bellerophon's story in particular connect it to madness, the wandering, which becomes an important image in later representations of madness,3 and the idea that his wandering was a sort of disease sent by the gods, whose hatred he had incurred.4 Yet there is____________________