Printing in Colonial Spanish America

By Hensley C. Woodbridge; Lawrence S. Thompson | Go to book overview

( 1785-1821), the country's first president, and Antonio José de Irisarri10 ( 1786-1868). Still others suggest that it was introduced at the suggestion of the Chilean Congress. 11

The first Chilean newspaper was Aurora de Chile, a weekly under the editorship of Fray Camilo Henríquez and over the imprint of "este Superior Gobierno." The first issue appeared on 13 February 1812. This newspaper had a prospectus, 46 ordinary numbers, two extraordinary numbers and a supplement in its first volume. The second volume contained twelve issues. It ceased publication on 1 April 1813. 12

El Monitor Araucano, Chile's second newspaper, began publication on 6 April 1813 "En la Imprenta de Gobierno P. D. J. D. Gallardo." Three months later, on 29 June, Gallardo rented the press from the government and continued to hold it through the Spanish occupation ( 1814-1817). The Monitor ceased publication on 1 October 1814, and Gallardo, a royalist at heart, quickly found a modus vivendi with the new masters of Santiago. However, when the forces of San Martín and O'Higgins swept into northern Chile, Gallardo was stigmatized as an individual who was against the new regime; and the burden of maintaining Chile's typographical traditions passed to other hands. 13


Notes
1.
Guillermo Feliú Cruz, Bibliografía histórica de la imprenta en Santiago de Chile 1818-1964 (Santiago de Chile, Talleres de la Editorial Nascimento, 1964) has brought together in one volume an elaborately annotated bibliography of material which deals with the history of printing in the Chilean capital.

-109-

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Printing in Colonial Spanish America
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents i
  • Preface ii
  • Illustrations iii
  • Chapter I 1
  • Notes 31
  • Chapter II: The Beginning of Printing in Peru 41
  • Chapter III Printing in the Reducciones of Old Paraguay 51
  • Notes 58
  • Chapter IV the Beginning of Printing in the Rio De La Plata Region 60
  • Notes 73
  • Chapter V Printing in Puebla and Central America in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries 78
  • Notes 87
  • Chapter VI the Beginning of Printing in the Viceroyalty of New Granada 91
  • Notes 103
  • Chapter VII the Beginning of Printing in Chile 106
  • Notes 109
  • Chapter VIII the Beginning of Printing in the Spanish Antilles 114
  • Notes 118
  • Personal Name Index 161
  • Short Title Index 167
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