Older Black Women, Politics of Age,
Politics of Survival as Embodied in the
Novels of Toni Morrison
Karla F.C. Holloway
Our two main objectives are first, to examine the significance and meaning of novelist Toni Morrison's works in terms of U.S. culture, literary originality, Black feminism and women's spirituality, and second to exemplify and examine some differences between a white female's and Black female's response to specific patterns in Morrison's novels. We will especially examine portraits of old Black women and their spiritual/political significance as foremothers whose survival ensured ours, brought us into being, and gives us strategy.
Toni Morrison has published four novels. These are stories of girls' growths into young womanhood and women's growths into a magical wisdom of age. Morrison's girls -- Pecola, Claudia and Freida ( The Bluest Eye, 1970)1 -- battle physical and spiritual abandonment, rape/incest and insanity either first hand or by learning that such things happen and discovering the responses of the Black women in the community to such events. Her young women -- Sula and Nel