Human-Computer Interaction: Ergonomics and User Interfaces - Vol. 1

By Hans-Jörg Bullinger; Jürgen Ziegler | Go to book overview

Man-Machine Interaction Using Eye Movement

K.Kohzuki,T.Nishiki,A.Tsubokura,M.Ueno, S.Harima and K.Tsushima
( Konami Co., Osaka Electro-Communication Univ.)


1. Introduction

There are many idea processors which assist a user in his thinking process. Many of them help a user to obtain document. Some of them try to stimulate a user interacting with system in his associative thinking about given concept. We are interested in a idea processor called Mandal-Art which strongly assists a user in his associative thinking about given theme.


2.Mandal-Art

There is an idea processor called Mandal-Art which is widely used in Japan. ( Mandal-Art 1984)

There are a matrix called Mandala which has nine frames in which items are typed and a handle matrix which is used to select a frame from a mandala on the screen of Mandal-Art by pointing the handle corresponding with a frame using mouse(fig. 1).

Fig. 1 Manipulation Window of Mandal-Art

The interaction between a user and Mandal-Art makes a progress in the following three stages, Input Stage, Edit Stage and Retrieve Stage.


A.Input stage

The user can select a subdivided square called frame by using mouse on a mandala directly in input stage, and then he can type a word or sentence as item in a frame. At first he types key-item into central frame, then he may type associated item into any surrounding eight frames. By selecting and clicking the corresponding handle which specifies an item, the item becomes the key item in the new

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