MARIN V. PUNDEFF
In Soviet projections, the decade of the 1960's has been designated as the first part of a twenty-year approach to building the foundations of the next and final stage in the evolution of Soviet society -- the stage of Communism. In this overriding task, education is assigned the crucial twofold responsibility of training the manpower required by the nascent technology and producing a "new Soviet man," psychologically and morally conditioned to observe the principle of contributing according to one's ability and receiving according to one's needs. To meet this responsibility, the Soviet educational system has been put through extensive curricular and "polytechnical" reforms since 1958.
The relevance of these Soviet developments to the Marxist countries in Eastern Europe lies in the convictions held by the Soviet leaders on the role of the Soviet example and the relationship between the evolution of the Soviet Union and that of the newer Marxist countries. Above all others, two concepts formulated by Khrushchev establish the framework from the Soviet point of view: the concept of the "only path" and the concept of the "more or less simultaneous entrance into Communism."☼ This examination of educational developments (mainly in general edu-____________________