|AL MSS||Abraham Lincoln Papers.|
|CWL||The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Edited by
Roy P. Basler,|
Marion Dolores Pratt, and Lloyd A. Dunlap. ( New Brunswick:
Rutgers University Press, 1953-55).
|DLC||Library of Congress.|
|IHi||Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield|
|O. R.|| The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records|
of the Union and Confederate Armies. ( Washington, D.C.:
Government Printing Office, 1880-1901).
|RPB||John Hay Library, Brown University.|
|1.||[ William R. Thayer?], "John Hay," Cambridge, Mass., 1918, Hay MSS, RPB; Horace White to Frank J. Garrison, New York, 8 Nov. 1914, William R. Thayer MSS, RPB. White had read the three-volume Letters of John Hay and Extracts from Diary, edited by Clara Louise Stone Hay and Henry Adams ( Washington: privately printed, 1908).|
|2.|| Charles G. Halpine's headnote to
Hay's poem, "God's Vengeance," New York
Citizen, n.d., scrapbook, Hay MSS, RPB; Grow, quoted in James T. DuBois and Gertrude S. Mathews, Galusha A. Grow: Father of the Homestead Law ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1917), 266-67; Nicolay and
Hay, Abraham Lincoln: A History ( New
York: Century, 1890), 1:xii; [ Nicolay?], draft of introduction to Abraham Lincoln: A
History, Nicolay-Hay MSS, IHi.|
According to Hay's biographer, Tyler Dennett, "The personal relations of Lincoln and Hay came closely to resemble those of father and son." John Hay: From Poetry to Politics ( New York: Dodd, 1934), 39. A pair of more recent scholars has maintained that "John Hay's relationship with Abraham Lincoln was a paramount influence over his life. For Hay, Lincoln proved to be a father figure who combined the values and personalities of both John's father and uncle." Howard I. Kushner and Anne Hummel Sherrill , John Milton Hay: The Union of Poetry and Politics ( Boston: Twayne, 1977), 27. On Lincoln's tendency to act as a surrogate father to young men, see "Surrogate Father Abraham," in Michael Burlingame, The Inner World of Abraham Lincoln ( Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1994), 73-91.
|3.||Hay to Nora Perry, Springfield, Ill., 20 May 1859, Hay MSS, RPB.|
|4.||[ Nicolay?], draft of introduction.|
|5.||Milton Hay, quoted in John W. Bunn to Jesse W. Weik, Springfield, Ill., 20 July 1916, in Jesse W. Weik, The Real Lincoln: A Portrait ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1922), 282-88. During the Civil War, other White House secretaries and clerks, including Gustave Matile and Nathaniel S. Howe, were similarly employed in the Interior De-|