time of listing and implemented immediately. A detailed plan must be presented within three years following the listing. Non-compliance with this obligation entails the removal of the site from the List.
The second annex contains the lists of endangered or threatened species that the parties must protect fully and of species whose exploitation is to be regulated. The list of endangered and threatened species includes 14 marine plants, 35 marine invertebrates (mostly sponges and mollusks), 15 species of fish, all sea turtles occurring in the Mediterranean, 15 birds, and 19 marine mammals. The list of species whose exploitation is to be regulated contains 28 species that are currently harvested: 13 invertebrates and 15 fish species, including several sharks.
With the designation of nine new areas in 1996, there are now 337 biosphere reserves in 85 different countries. Designations made in 1996 include Maolan in China, Mount Carmel in Israel, and the Boloma Bijagos archipelago in Guinea-Bissau.
Cyrille de Klemm
The second year of the Convention on Biological Diversity's (CBD's) implementation included the first meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Working Group on Biosafety (BSWG) and the second meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical, and Technological Advice (SBSTTA). The year culminated with the third meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP-III) in Buenos Aires, 4-15 November.
The meeting was attended by 141 parties and states that had ratified or acceded to the Convention, attended the meeting. Seven states were represented as observers. The fifth session of the Global Biodiversity Forum was convened just prior to COP-III by the World Conservation Union (IUCN), World Resources Institute, Fundación Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, Indigenous Peoples Biodiversity Network, African Centre for Technology Studies, and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Over 130 participants from 34 countries, including governmental delegates to COP-III, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and journalists, attended the Forum's four parallel workshops on Investing in Biodiversity, Agricultural Biodiversity, Integrated Landscape Management, and Indigenous Peoples.