pare for adaptation of economic development to the impacts of climate change. Forestry, agriculture and water resource management are singled out as the most potentially affected sectors of the national economy, particularly sensitive to possible changes in precipitation patterns and increases in the number and intensity of droughts. Additionally, more than a half of Russian territory (58 percent) and respectively the entire industrial and technological infrastructure of that part of the country is situated in the zone of permafrost and is especially vulnerable to global warming.
Measures to be implemented under the Programme include, inter alia, the creation of a system of information about climate changes and their anthropogenic causes; a system of collection and evaluation of data regarding greenhouse gases, their emissions, sources, sinks, and related processes; a system of observation of greenhouse gases and aerosols in the atmosphere; a system of preventive measures related to the adaptation of the national economy to climate change; and a system of measures aimed at reducing anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases.
Sergei V. Vinogradov
In 1996, the Republic of Belarus ratified the 1990 London amendments to the Montreal Protocol. In implementation of its obligations under these amendments, the Belorussian government approved a programme of halting the use of ozone-destroying substances in Belarus, developed by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection with the help of other state organizations.
Belarus declared its adherence to the Agreement of 18 April 1991 between the former Soviet Union and Japan on cooperation in the field of nature conservation.
Article 13 of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, adopted on 24 November by national referendum, consolidates state property rights in natural resources. According to this Article, land can be held both in state and private ownership. The previous version of the Constitution had not settled the question of ownership of natural resources.
The Constitution also provides for every individual's right to a favourable environment and to compensation for damage caused by violation of this right. The right to receive, store, and disseminate full, reliable, and timely information about the state of the environment is guaranteed by the