matters. In light of this success in enforcing a market instrument in the context of air-pollution control, the competent authorities began to consider collecting water-pollution fees.
In 1996, four environment-related treaties entered into force for South Korea: The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the Agreement on the Implementation of Part XI of the Convention on the Law of the Sea, on 23 February; the Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission, on 9 April; Annex III (Regulation for the Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances Carried by Sea in Packaged Form) and Annex V (Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships) to MARPOL 78/83, on 11 May; and the Convention on Nuclear Safety, on 25 October.
The Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission is to promote cooperation among its members with a view to ensuring, through appropriate management, conservation, and optimum utilization of tuna stocks covered by the Agreement, and to encourage sustainable development of fisheries based on such stocks. South Korea participated in the UN Food and Agriculture Organization-affiliated organization as a state whose vessels engage in fishing in the Indian Ocean Area for the tuna stocks covered by the Agreement. In 1996, some 50 South Korean long- distance fishing ships worked the Indian Ocean and netted 10,911 tons of tuna.
South Korea officially became the 29th member of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on 12 December, when it deposited its instrument of accession to the OECD Convention. By doing so, South Korea agreed to bring its environmental legislation and policies into line with OECD environmental regulations and standards.
An Act on the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and an Act on Exercise of Sovereign Rights over Fisheries and other Activities by Foreigners in the Exclusive Economic Zone entered into force on 4 August. Both statutes implement the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. The latter statute provides regulates foreign fishing and is designed to contribute to the appropriate conservation, management and use of marine fauna and flora. Foreigners who want to fish in the Korean EEZ must obtain a fishing permit issued by the Ministry of Marine Affairs. The Act also outlines the permit procedure regarding the taking of fish and marine mammals and the collection of marine