the IDB's present and future efforts that respond to the call of the Santa Cruz Summit to international organizations in support of its Declaration. The document covers the Bank's strategic areas of action under its sustainable development mandate, including human capital formation, rural poverty and sustainable agriculture, integrated natural resource management and the environment, urban economic development, and economic and financial modernization.
The Bank, with the United Nations Development Programme and the Andean Development Corporation, sponsored the publication of Dawn in the Andes, a book written by a group of experts under the auspices of the Latin American and Caribbean Commission on Development and the Environment. The book takes a wide-ranging look at the natural and cultural heritage of this heterogenous region situated along the Andean mountain range, whose influence, both direct and indirect, affects the ecological, social, and economic well-being of the entire continent of South America. Principles for a sustainable development strategy of the Andean region are proposed to meet present and future challenges in political economy, sustainable natural resource management and use, urban development, and cultural diversity.
Dana V. Martin
By year's end, the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution had 40 parties. The Protocol on Long-Term Financing of the Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-Range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe had been ratified by 35 parties to the Convention. The Protocol on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30 Percent had been ratified by 21 parties to the Convention. The Protocol concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or their Transboundary Fluxes had been ratified by 25 parties. The Protocol concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) or their Transboundary Fluxes had been signed by 23 parties, while 14 parties to the Convention had ratified the Protocol. Finally, the Protocol on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions (ECE/EB.AIR/40), had been signed by 28 parties to the Convention, while five parties had ratified it.
With the adoption of the new Sulphur Protocol, the Executive Body was giving top priority to the preparation of an effects-based protocol on nitrogen oxides (NOX)and related substances. The new instrument will apply the multi-