BIOETHICS: COMMITEES, EXPERTS, AND THE COMMUNITY
'During Saturn's reign I believe that Chastity still Lingered on earth, and was seen for a while . . . Thereafter, by slow degrees, Justice withdrew to heaven, and Chastity went with her . . . . . . To outrage matrimonial sanctity is now an ancient and longestablished tradition . . . I know the advice my friends would give--'Lock her up And bar the doors'. But who is to keep guard Over the guards themselves¿'
Juvenal, The Sixteen Safires1
We have been seeing that the problems raised by the new technologies of birth and death and genetic therapy are for the most part quite novel and without precedent. To a large extent our ordinary ethical and legal categories cannot cope with these problems and we enter a terra incognita when we attempt to find solutions to them.
The problems that arise in this area are not only novel and unprecedented, they are also multifaceted in that they have ethical, legal, medical and religious implications. In vitro fertilisation, for example, raises obvious ethical questions about