The Fertility Transition in Latin America

By José Miguel Guzmán; Susheela Singh et al. | Go to book overview
different mechanisms for explaining why and how fertility declined during the period after the crisis began.As the demographic transition progresses, and fertility decline is maintained over a substantial period, it will begin to affect other demographic factors, such as the level of infant mortality (see chapter 16). Moreover, it will also influence and change how childbearing is valued and perceived in the society. For example, early childbearing (e.g. before age 20) may begin to be seen as a social problem, when an important societal goal is for a very high proportion of the population to achieve at least secondary education. In addition, a relatively small average family size will have implications for women's lives through changes in their activities (see chapter 18). This is a relatively undeveloped area of demographic research in the region, since it has only recently become relevant and assumed some importance. The chapters on the consequences of fertility decline included in this volume are therefore exploratory, and hopefully will stimulate more work in this area.
References
Caldwell, J. C. ( 1980), "'Mass Education as a Determinant of Fertility Decline'", Population and Development Review, 6( 2): 225-56.
Carvalho, J. A, Paiva, P. de T. A., and Sawyer, D. R. ( 1981), The Recent Sharp Decline in Fertility in Brazil: Economic Boom, Social Inequality and Baby Bust (Working Paper, No. 8, The Population Council; Latin American and Caribbean Regional Office).
Chahnazarian, A. ( 1991), Hausse récente de la fécondité en Haiti: Un nouvel engouement pour la vie en union? (Papers on Population, WP 91-03; Johns Hopkins Population Center, Baltimore, Maryland).
Easterlin, R. ( 1978), "'The Economics and Sociology of Fertility: A Synthesis'", in Charles Tilly (ed.), Historical Studies of Changing Fertility ( Princeton: Princeton University Press).
ECLAC ( 1989), Transformación Ocupacional y Crisis Social en América Latina ( Santiago, Chile).
González, G. ( 1978), 'Estrategias de Desarrollo y Transición Demográfica: Los Casos de Brasil, Costa Rica, Chile y Cuba', CELADE, Santiago, Chile (Unpublished).
Guengant, J. P., and May, J. ( 1991), 'Quelle féondité en Haiti?', ORSTOM, Pointe à Pitre, Guadeloupe (Unpublished).
Guzmán, J. M. ( 1991), "'The Onset of Fertility Decline in Latin America'", Paper presented at the Seminar on Fertility Transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe.
Paiva, P. de T. A. ( 1984), The Process of Proletarianization and Fertility Transition in Brazil (Texto para Discussao No. 15; Belo Horizonte, Brazil).
Rama, G. ( 1984), "'La Evolución Social de América Latina (1950-1980): Transición y Cambio Estructural'", Paper presented to the Seminar on Development Alternatives in Latin America, Bogotà, Colombia.
Singh S., and Berrio, D. ( 1989), "'Institutional Constraints on the Provision of Family Planning Services in Latin America'". Paper presented to the Seminar on the Role of Family Planning Programmes as a Fertility Determinant, June, Tunis.

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