The Fertility Transition in Latin America

By José Miguel Guzmán; Susheela Singh et al. | Go to book overview

6 Fertility Decline and Changes in Proximate Determinants in the Latin American and Caribbean Regions

LORENZO MORENO and SUSHEELA SINGH


Introduction

The transition in fertility, while varying in degree across countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, is being achieved by changes in the proximate determinants, through which any other social change must operate. Categorization of these determinants began with a model developed by Davis and Blake ( 1956), where the aim was to identify all factors that intervened between the norms and social structure of a society and its level of fertility (hence the term intervening or proximate variables). This scheme identified three groups of factors: those related to exposure to the risk of pregnancy, to conception, and to gestation. Subsequently, researchers found that an important variable-post-partum infecundity --was not taken into account in this early model. Later developments expanded the list to include to this factor, and narrowed the full set of eleven factors to focus only on those which were both major determinants of the level of fertility and,at the same time, varied across population groups: marriage, contraception, post- partum infecundity, and abortion. Most analyses of the proximate determinants, including this one, consider only three factors: marriage, contraception, and post-partum infecundity; abortion is usually omitted because of the lack of information on the subject.

While each of determinants have played a role in fertility change in Latin America, it is also clear, at the simplest level, that increases in contraceptive use have accounted for the greatest part of the decline in fertility in Latin America. By comparison, marriage patterns and breast-feeding duration have changed little in absolute terms. However, these three factors are interrelated, and their relative contribution to the level of fertility and fertility change may vary depending upon the absolute level of fertility itself. The aim of this chapter is to examine the changes in the relative contribution of the three main proximate determinants as fertility declined in Latin America.

____________________
*
The authors are grateful to Germán Rodríguez for his useful comments on the structure and content of an earlier version of this chapter. John Bongaarts provided useful criticisms on the application of his model. José Miguel Guzmán and other participants to the Buenos Aires seminar provided valuable suggestions. The computer assistance of Ozer Babakol is gratefully acknowledge.

-113-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Fertility Transition in Latin America
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 458

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.