This imprecision comes in part from purist and eugenic definitions of race that held
sway during that period. Thus, native population statistics did not include people of multiracial backgrounds, which would have increased the native population figures significantly.
Hoxie 1992, 993; Thornton 1987.
Spottwood n.d., liner notes for track 9.
Densmore 1968,106 [emphasis added].
"The transcribing of records is seldom done in the field" ( Densmore 1968, 109).
Mark 1988, 223, 231-232, 254.
Mark 1988, 254-255, 305.
In fact, Fletcher had previously worked for federal agencies attempting to get Native
Americans to comply with the Dawes Act.
See Wilgus ( 1959, 232). I describe Wilgus's point as a hypothesis because it is not
universally true; the American Museum of Natural History and other institutionally
backed and organized traditions quickly developed an ethos of preservation that has resulted in a collection of very usable cylinders from the second and third decades of the twentieth century ( Graf 1998).
Read and Welch 1976, 40-41; Shelemay 1991, 282.
Read and Welch 1976, 76.
List 1975, iv; Hornbostel 1905/ 1975, 252.
Christensen 1991, 204-205.
Hornbostel 1905/ 1975, 270.
See "Library of Congress Plans" ( 1928, 139). For a fuller discussion of the history of
folk song collections at the Library of Congress, see Bartis ( 1982).
"Preserving the Songs of a Dying Nation" ( 1900, 80).
Adorno, Theodor. 1982. On the Fetish-Character in Music and the Regression of Listening. In The Essential Frankfurt School Reader, eds.
Andrew Arato and
Eike Gebhardt. New York: Continuum.
_____. 1990. The Curves of the Needle. Trans.
Thomas Levin. October. 55 (Winter).
All the World and His Wife: Westinghouse Type RC Receiver. 1922. Advertisement. Radio Broadcast (September).
Attali, Jacques. 1985. Noise: The Political Economy of Music. Trans.
Brian Massumi. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Bartis, Peter. 1982. "A History of the Archive of Folk Song at the Library of Congress: The
First Fifty Years". Unpublished Ph.D. diss. University of Pennsylvania.
Benjamin, Walter. 1968. Illuminations. Trans.
Hannah Arendt. New York: Schocken Books.