Glenn Flaten, former member of the NFPC, personal communication.
Apparently, processors were not very sympathetic to the farmers plight
at that time. According to personal communication from Jack Stueck, founding
president of the Saskatchewan Producers Marketing Board, Canadian processors
awarded a trophy to the plant that achieved the highest gross margin each year.
As one might imagine, this did not do much for producer prices, especially in
areas with little competition for the local processor.
Glenn Flaten, personal communication.
In 1995 dollars, this would be equivalent to over $600 million. Current
expenditures on dairy subsidy are less than half that amount.
Initially, only Québec and Ontario joined the remaining provinces signing
on over the next four years.
David Kirk, former Secretary General, Canadian Federation of Agriculture,
personal communication, March 10, 1994.
The Hon. Ralph Ferguson, also former Minister of Agriculture in Ottawa,
additionally gives credit to the Hon. David Stupich, then Minister of Agriculture
in British Columbia, for influencing his fellow agricultural ministers in this regard.
The issue of corporate control was noted by Kidd and
Hiscock ( 1968
discussing alternative models for national marketing plans.
David Kirk, personal communication, March 10, 1994.
The quest for protection from imports and regional preservation may be
viewed as a form of rent-seeking by provincial governments as well as by leading
producers and processors.
The Food Prices Review Board was a federal agency created during the
early 1970s to investigate the sources of inflation in food prices. Under the
chairmanship of Beryl Plumbtree, the agency published numerous reports and
was generally critical of supply management, generating an ongoing debate with
the Hon. E. F. Whelan, then Minister of Agriculture and a strong supporter of
supply management marketing boards.
While Schmitz and
Schmitz ( 1994
) deal mainly with the academic literature, Trant ( 1994
) reminds us of a considerable body of reports from task forces, steering
committees and consulting studies that have been dedicated "to make regulated
markets behave more like unregulated or free and competitive markets."
R. Saint-Louis, one of the authors of this chapter, was one of the five
members of this fact-finding commission.
Arcus, P. L. 1981. Broilers and Eggs. Technical Report No. E13, Economic
Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
L., R. Doyle,
R. Morin, and
W. Sherwood. 1992. A Vision for
the Future of the Canadian Dairy Industry. Report of the Consultative Committee
on the Future of the Dairy Industry, Dairy Farmers of Canada (December).
Barichello, R. 1981. The Economics of Canadian Dairy Regulation Technical
Report No. E12, Economic Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Campbell, D. R.,
J. C. Gilson,
D. L. MacFarlane, and
D. H. Thain. 1969.