Regulation and Protectionism under GATT: Case Studies in North American Agriculture

By Andrew Schmitz; Garth Coffin et al. | Go to book overview
Carolina and away from Iowa which appears to have a feed-cost advantage. Will Iowa farmers tolerate the entry of vertical integrators? Probably not until economic conditions get much worse. Iowa limits the scale of operations and openly opposes corporate farming. The economic environment for chicken production in Saskatchewan appears similar to the hog situation in Iowa.
30.
The regulatory changes proposed in the Report of the Consultation Committee on the Future of the Dairy Industry ( Balcaen, 1992) are examples of problems encountered in the regulatory field in Canada.
31.
Past conflicts in the red meat sector were over levels of provincial support for the sector, top-loading versus bottom-loading, and over how government actions may have distorted regional comparative advantage. (Top-loading provincial subsidies were those that supported outputs while bottom-loading provincial subsidies supported inputs). Central Canada and the Prairies also line up differently on issues such as grain transportation and feed grains policy.
32.
For a period during 1994, Saskatchewan stood alone in opposing this waste of resources.
33.
Perhaps the question of whether free trade is achievable in the real world of politics, special interests and nationalism, or if it is simply a "dream for economists" should be more closely examined.
34.
Recall in British law that a woman was considered a chattel and was the property of her husband. It was the law of the day, but it is no longer the law! The views and values of society have changed on this issue.

References

Agriculture Canada. 1990. "Issues in Federal Legislation Governing Supply Management in Canada: Phase I Poultry and Egg Sectors." Working Paper, Policy Branch, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (December).

. 1994. Tariff Equivalents. Facsimile Transmittal Notice (April).

Armitage, D. 1994. Legal opinion submitted to K. A. Rosaasen upon request. Balcaen, L., R. Doyle, K. Matte, R. Morin, and W. Sherwood. 1992. A Vision for the Future of the Canadian Dairy Industry. Report of the Consultation Committee on the Future of the Dairy Industry. Dairy Farmers of Canada(December). Canadian International Trade Tribunal. 1992. An Inquiry into the Allocation of Import Quotas. Reference No. GC-91-001, Minister of Supply and Services, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada(October). CCMA. 1993. Data Handbook 1993. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Dairy Industry Strategic Planning Committee. 1994. Various Scenarios for the Future of the CanadianDairy Industry. Canadian Milk Supply Management Committee (October).

Daly, H. E., and J. B. Cobb, Jr. 1989. For the Common Good. Boston, MA: Beacon Press. Dawson, Dau and Associates. 1983. A Research Study on the Management of Quota in Alberta, Parts I, II, III. Under contract to the Agricultural Products Marketing Council, Alberta Agriculture, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Deloitte and Touche, Management Consultants. 1991. A Study of Options for Pricing Industrial Milk in Canada

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Regulation and Protectionism under GATT: Case Studies in North American Agriculture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • About the Editors and Contributors ix
  • Section One - Overview of the Effects of Gatt 1
  • 1 - Itroduction: Trade and Regulations in Transition 3
  • References 18
  • 2 - Post-Gatt Assessment of the World Marketplace 20
  • Notes 35
  • 3 - Consequences of Tariffication 37
  • References 50
  • 4 - Supply Management Under Minimum Import Access Requirements 51
  • Notes 62
  • References 62
  • 5 - Imports into Canada: Why Have They Remained Low? 64
  • Notes 76
  • References 77
  • Section Two - Case Studies of Gatt's Effects 79
  • 6 - Regulation -- the Us Dairy Industry 81
  • References 94
  • 7 - Cost Competitiveness in the Canadian and Us Dairy Industries 96
  • Notes 115
  • References 116
  • 8 - Supply Management and Vertical Coordination: the Role of Cooperatives 118
  • Notes 126
  • References 127
  • 9 - Value-Added Economic Potential 128
  • Notes 145
  • References 146
  • 10 - Tobacco Supply Management: Examples from the United States and Australia 147
  • References 158
  • 11 - Gatt and the Us Peanut Market 160
  • Notes 178
  • References 179
  • 12 - The Us Sugar Industry: the Free Trade Debate 180
  • Notes 199
  • References 201
  • Section Three - Regulation and Supply Management 203
  • 13 - Supply Management Canadian Style 205
  • Notes 221
  • References 223
  • 14 - Power Relationships in the Political Process 226
  • Notes 241
  • References 244
  • 15 - Provincialism: Problems for the Regulators and the Regulated 245
  • References 267
  • 16 - Provmcial Versus Centralized Pricing: Protectionism and Institutional Design 269
  • References 283
  • 17 - Venturing into the Political Market 284
  • Notes 296
  • 18 - Vertical and Horizontal Coordination 299
  • Notes 312
  • References 313
  • 19 - Will the Supply Management Cartel Stand? 314
  • Notes 330
  • References 330
  • About the Book 332
  • Index 333
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