Carolina and away from Iowa which appears to have a feed-cost advantage. Will Iowa farmers tolerate the entry of vertical integrators? Probably not until
economic conditions get much worse. Iowa limits the scale of operations and
openly opposes corporate farming. The economic environment for chicken
production in Saskatchewan appears similar to the hog situation in Iowa.
The regulatory changes proposed in the Report of the Consultation Committee
on the Future of the Dairy Industry (
Balcaen, 1992) are examples of problems
encountered in the regulatory field in Canada.
Past conflicts in the red meat sector were over levels of provincial support
for the sector, top-loading versus bottom-loading, and over how government
actions may have distorted regional comparative advantage. (Top-loading
provincial subsidies were those that supported outputs while bottom-loading
provincial subsidies supported inputs). Central Canada and the Prairies also line
up differently on issues such as grain transportation and feed grains policy.
For a period during 1994, Saskatchewan stood alone in opposing this waste
Perhaps the question of whether free trade is achievable in the real world
of politics, special interests and nationalism, or if it is simply a "dream for
economists" should be more closely examined.
Recall in British law that a woman was considered a chattel and was the
property of her husband. It was the law of the day, but it is no longer the law!
The views and values of society have changed on this issue.
Agriculture Canada. 1990. "Issues in Federal Legislation Governing Supply
Management in Canada: Phase I Poultry and Egg Sectors." Working Paper,
Policy Branch, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (December).
. 1994. Tariff Equivalents. Facsimile Transmittal Notice (April).
Armitage, D. 1994. Legal opinion submitted to
K. A. Rosaasen upon request. Balcaen,
L., R. Doyle,
R. Morin, and
W. Sherwood. 1992. A Vision for
the Future of the Canadian Dairy Industry.
Report of the Consultation Committee
on the Future of the Dairy Industry. Dairy Farmers of Canada(December).
Canadian International Trade Tribunal. 1992. An Inquiry into the Allocation of
Import Quotas. Reference No. GC-91-001, Minister of Supply and Services, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada(October).
CCMA. 1993. Data Handbook 1993. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Dairy Industry Strategic Planning Committee. 1994. Various Scenarios for the Future
of the CanadianDairy Industry. Canadian Milk Supply Management Committee
Daly, H. E., and
J. B. Cobb, Jr. 1989. For the Common Good. Boston, MA: Beacon Press. Dawson, Dau and Associates. 1983. A Research Study on the Management of Quota
in Alberta, Parts I, II, III. Under contract to the
Agricultural Products Marketing
Council, Alberta Agriculture, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Deloitte and Touche, Management Consultants. 1991. A Study of Options for Pricing Industrial Milk in Canada