Galileo formulated the problem of determining the velocity of light, but did not solve it. The formulation of a problem is often more essential than its solution, which may be merely a matter of mathematical or experimental skill. To raise new questions, new problems, to regard old problems from a new angle, requires creative imagination and marks real advances in science.
WHEN THE PILGRIMS first landed in Massachusetts, they were ecstatic to have reached their destination after sixty-five harrowing days at sea. The men immediately set off in a group to catch their first glimpse of the New World and determine where to situate their historic settlement. It was one of the most extraordinary, exciting moments in American history. Guess what the women did?
They washed the clothes.
This simple vignette, described in the diary of an eleven-year-old girl who sailed on the Mayflower, is a rich illumination of how men and women have divided problem-solving responsibilities throughout