Composite and Environmental
This chapter presents reviews of a variety of psychological measures and batteries that do not easily fit within the categories used in the preceding chapters. The measures represent a variety of formats, but they generally provide for a broader assessment of the individual than the measures previously reviewed. They are grouped under the headings Neuropsychological Assessment Batteries, Measures of Adaptive Functioning, Parent and Family Environment Measures, and Broad-Based Risk Measures.
It should be clear that we are dealing in the case of neuropsychological evaluations with a highly specialized assessment activity that requires intensive training and experience. However, some introduction to this area of assessment and some of the more popular batteries are appropriate, as psychologists in applied assessment are often required to integrate the outcomes of these assessments into their cases.
Neuropsychological assessments are designed for evaluating observable behaviors and performances for the purpose of identifying generalized and specific cerebral impairments. Sattler ( 1992) expressed the goal in the following way: "The aim of neuropsychological evaluation is to draw inferences about the organic integrity of the cerebral hemispheres as well as to specify the adaptive strengths and weaknesses of the child" (p. 689). These assessments are sometimes employed in conjunction with neurological assessments, which employ medical procedures for evaluat-