We'd like this race of the plague to be exterminated . . . It is necessary for the government to use a strong hand. They did it right in North America . . . by shooting them in the first place before they could impede the progress of the nation.
A ladino from Juayúa, spring 19321
Bolshevism? It's drifting in. The working people hold meetings on Sundays and get very excited. They say, 'we dig the holes for the trees, we clean the weeds, we prune the trees, we pick the coffee. Who earns the money then?' . . . Yes, there will be trouble one of these days.
Hacendado James Hill, 19252
Soldiers: break the barracks discipline imposed on you by the bourgeoisie through their representatives, the officers! Assert the right to elect your own chiefs, to name common soldiers from the ranks! Place yourselves at the orders of the Executive Committee of the Communist Party which at the impending hour of triumph will distribute the lands andfincas of the rich among you and your brothers of the country! Workers of the World Arise!
Communist Party handbill, January 19323
The impact upon Central America of the crash of 1929 and the years of acute depression that followed should be seen against the background not only of the consolidation of the agro-exporting oligarchies but also the rise to economic and political domination of the region by the US. Of all the countries in the Caribbean and Central America, El Salvador was perhaps the least directly affected by this, but it nevertheless registered many of the consequences of the new imperialist mandate.
Although the US had historically claimed Latin America to be its legitimate sphere of interest from the days of the Monroe Doctrine