O.A.S. The President of my country is today called Colonel Fidel Sánchez Hernández. But General Somoza, President of Nicaragua, is also President of my country. And General Stroessner, President of Paraguay, is also a little the President of my country although less than the President of Honduras, who is General López Arellano, and more than the President of Haiti, Monsieur Duvalier. And the President of the United States is more the President of my country than the President of my country who, as I said, is today called Colonel Fidel Sánchez Hernández.
Fidel Castro declared himself a Marxist on 1 December 1961. By that time diplomatic relations between Cuba and the US had been severed for eleven months. In April 1959, Castro had proclaimed that the new revolutionary government's ideology would be one of 'humanism', by which he understood, 'government by the people, without dictatorship and without oligarchy; liberty with bread and without terroe.' 1 Such a pronouncement -- generous, idealist, egalitarian but eminently unprogrammatic -- befitted the radical liberalism of the guerrilla leadership, the bulk of which was of bourgeois or petty bourgeois origin. There was nothing unduly remarkable about such radical and populist sentiments; they had frequently been voiced before by politicians of widely differing positions. Yet the Eisenhower