Spanish Texas, 1519-1821

By Donald E. Chipman | Go to book overview

FIVE
International Rivalry and the East Texas Missions, 1689-1714

THE LAST THIRD OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY MARKED A crisis in the effectiveness of Spanish imperial policy. Symptomatic of the problem was a malaise of government rooted in the king himself, for on September 17, 1665, a four-year-old sickly child "retarded by rickets, and mentally subnormal" ascended the Spanish throne. Charles II was the tragic product of incestuous marriages that had linked the Hapsburg families of Spain and Austria for nearly two centuries. Seven of the king's eight great-grandparents were direct lineal descendants of one woman, the psychologically unstable Spanish queen, Juana la Loca ( 1479-1555). Known in history as el Hechizado (the Bewitched), Charles was incapable of ruling and of fathering an heir. During his reign ( 1665-1700), Spain had been viewed as a corpse, picked at by internal parasites and foreign marauders. This conventional picture is no doubt overdrawn, for the country began a slow, painful upturn in the 1680s. 1Recovery, however, would take decades. By 1695 the moribund Spanish government felt obliged to auction the top offices in the viceroyalties of Mexico and Peru to the highest bidder from the ranks of the wealthy nobility. To make matters worse, Spain was a pawn in the ambitions of the French king, Louis XIV. The first three wars of the Sun King made France and Spain almost constant enemies. 2 That enmity was also reflected in America. With the death of Charles II in 1700, Louis XIV maneuvered his grandson, the Duke of Anjou, to the Spanish throne as Philip V. The union of Spain and France under the same ruling family created a preponderance of Bourbon power in Europe as well as in America. The ensuing War of Spanish Succession ( 1702-1713) made allies of the former antagonists, but on the North American continent the two countries continued to compete for control of the lower Mississippi Valley and Texas. The establishment of the first missions in East Texas, their subsequent failure, and the stimulus to reestablish them should be viewed against this backdrop of internal conditions in Spain and shifting international alignments.

-86-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Spanish Texas, 1519-1821
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 343

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.