Spanish Texas, 1519-1821

By Donald E. Chipman | Go to book overview

SEVEN
Retrenchment, Islanders, and
Indians, 1722-1746

THE MARQUÉS DE SAN MIGUEL DE AGUAYO HAD ANCHORED Spanish Texas at three vital points: Los Adaes, Matagorda Bay, and San Antonio. At the first, French activities at Natchitoches were monitored and the further ambitions of Louis Juchereau de St. Denis checkmated. The second defended the coast from French incursions at the exact location of La Salle's ill-fated colony. And the third, San Antonio, secured a vital way station with the newly reconstructed presidio at Béxar. The next two decades, however, did not signal years of uninterrupted progress. Instead, they were a time of trial.

Overall, the province did not experience a "multiplication of new settlements"; death, reassignment, and retirement thinned the ranks of pioneer soldiery and clergy and led to a changing of key personnel; peace in Europe prompted retrenchment in government spending, resulting in the abandonment of Presidio de los Tejas and removal to San Antonio of the three Querétaran missions in East Texas; the presidio and mission at Matagorda Bay were scarcely four years old when they had to be moved to a more favorable location on the Guadalupe River; Indian wars began in the 1720s and greatly intensified in the 1730s; civilian settlers recruited in the Canary Islands founded the first formal municipality in San Antonio, but their coming spawned serious internal troubles at Béxar; a martinet governor and a terrible epidemic in 1739 brought near disasters to the San Antonio missions; and by the early 1740s the remaining settlements in East Texas could best be described as beggarly. This chapter chronicles Spanish Texas in those years of Job-like testing that had to be weathered before the province was stabilized and expansion could take place. 1

AGUAYO'S RETIREMENT TO PRIVATE LIFE IN THE EARLY 1720s was symptomatic of changes already sweeping through the ranks of those

-127-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Spanish Texas, 1519-1821
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 343

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.