Spanish Texas, 1519-1821

By Donald E. Chipman | Go to book overview

EIGHT
Mission, Presidio, and Settlement Expansion, 1746-1762

EXPANSION BEYOND SAN ANTONIO AND THE STRUGGLING settlements in East Texas characterized the nearly two decades that preceded the Peace of Paris (1763). Plans to spread the Gospel and secure the broader foundations of Spanish presence in Texas were presented to viceregal authorities in Mexico City between 1746 and 1749. Targeted areas included the San Gabriel River to the northeast of San Antonio, the San Saba River in central Texas, the coastal area between the second site of La Bahía and the lower Trinity River, and the lower Río Grande and coastal region of extreme south Texas. The majority of those undertakings resulted in failures. This chapter examines the circumstances that surrounded three unsuccessful enterprises and a single successful one (see Figure 20). The chronology spans only a brief period, with the events and participants often related.

MARIANO FRANCISCO DE LOS DOLORES Y VIANA WAS PRIMARILY responsible for selecting the site for missions established on the San Gabriel River, near present-day Rockdale, Texas. The river itself was reasonably well known to Spaniards in Texas. In 1716 the Domingo Ramón expedition had discovered the stream and named it San Xavier. The San Gabriel valley was traversed by the Aguayo expedition in 1721, and in the early 1730s it was penetrated by Governor Bustillo in a campaign against the Apaches. 1

Father Dolores had arrived in Texas in 1733, and in the following year, while pursuing deserters from mission San Antonio de Valero, he first came into contact with future tribes of the San Gabriel missions. In 1741 he had also accompanied Governor Tomás Winthuysen on an expedition to the Trinity River, where the friar unsuccessfully implored the Deadose and Mayeye Indians to take up mission life. His efforts finally paid dividends in 1745. 2

-147-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Spanish Texas, 1519-1821
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 343

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.