It was not General Franco's Nationalists who first rebelled against the Republic; it was Communists and other leftists who rebelled against a rightleaning government, and it was Franco and his friend, General Goded, who led the Republic's defense.
The rebellion, which began in October, 1934, with a nationwide general strike, had three principal centers: Madrid, Barcelona, and Oviedo, the last an important mining city in the northern province of Asturias and that province's capital. The rebellion was quickly put down in Madrid and Barcelona but it continued in Oviedo where the miners (who it might be noted in passing were among the highest paid workers in Spain) were well supplied with dynamite and of course skilled in its use.
Whereas in the rest of Spain there was little cooperation among the groups opposing the government, in Oviedo Anarchists, Socialists, Communists, and Trotskyists worked together effectively, and soon much of the province was in their hands. Arms factories in the area were seized and made