Two developments contributed decisively to Nationalist success in the Civil War. One was massive German and Italian aid; the other was Spanish Morocco's prompt and even enthusiastic support of the rebellion. Colonel Juan Beigbeder Atienza, a subordinate of Franco's during Moroccan War days, played a prominent role in both of them.
On July 22, 1936, four days after the rebellion had broken out prematurely in Melilla, the German consul in Tetuán sent the following telegram to his Foreign Office for relay to General Kühlental, a friend of Beigbeder's dating from the latter's long service as military attaché in Berlin. "General Franco and Lieutenant Colonel Beigbeder send greetings to their friend, the Honorable General Kühlental, inform him of the new Nationalist Spanish Government, and request that he send them ten troop-transport planes with maximum seating capacity through private German firms.
"Transfer by air with German crews to any airfield in Spanish Morocco. The contract will be signed afterwards."