To those not fortunate enough to have lived "before the revolution" writing about such a period can provide both consolation and hope. Despite the naïveté and neuroses of The Masses' group, their utter sincerity of purpose disarmed me, and I decided to become the chronicler of their madcap escapades and serious missions. This work originated from a paper on the impact of Freud and Marx on Floyd Dell, presented to Gordon Taylor in his graduate American literature survey, and another on the federal suppression of left- wing antiwar agitation, presented to the late Arthur Sutherland in a seminar on civil law and the judicial process, both at Harvard University during 1967-68.
For complete freedom to develop my ideas and a firm but sensitive hand in shaping the material once it was submitted, I would like to thank my adviser Frank Freidel, whose patience (infinite) and support (profuse) eased my labor pains considerably. Daniel Aaron questioned my premises, improved my style, and guided me to sources familiar to him from his vast reading in the field. Andrew Rolle, my colleague at Occidental College, kindly made his psychohistorical and editorial skills available to me through his detailed and insightful criticism of my chapter on the sexual revolution. Subsequently Gary Nash of the University of California at Los Angeles and Allen Matusow of Rice University read sections on Greenwich Village feminism and the popularization of Freudianism respectively and offered critical guidance in strengthening my thematic organization.
I am indebted to the staffs of the Widener, Houghton, Lamont, and Law School libraries at Harvard, the Butler Library at Columbia, the Newberry Library in Chicago, the New York Public Library, and the Tamiment Institute Library in New York City. Those dedicated workers were always courteous and helpful, and the crew in the microfilm room at Lamont also provided comic relief in that Dark Hole of Calcutta.
Maurice Becker and Helen Farr Sloan graciously answered my letters of inquiry about the period, and I also carried on fruitful correspondence with