1.1 Aristotle in his discussion of what is pleasant, hot and sweet writes:
It seems in these cases that what appears to the good person (pleasant, hot . . .) is really so. If this is correct, as it seems to be, and excellence and the good person are the measures of each thing, those things will be pleasures which appear so to him, and those things pleasant which he enjoys ( NE 1176a15-19).1.
Nor is this an isolated case. Elsewhere he notes:
What appears (good) to the good person is truly good . . . for the good person discriminates each thing correctly and the truth in each matter appears to him . . . as the canon and measure of these things (1113a25-33).
In these passages, it appears that Aristotle holds both that the good discern what is good correctly and that they are the measure of what is good. And taken together this encourages the view that he holds the following claim:
□ [a is good ↔ a seems good to the good].
1.2 This bi-conditional can be understood in a variety of ways. One____________________