The Academy versus the Rest
The designers and main organizers of this project are historians of science who have been examining the effects of the imposition of communism on academia in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe; that is, they are trying to identify what was specifically communist, compared to the pre-communist approach, about Soviet-type scientific management. My task is to look at things from the other end of the spectrum--the effect of the collapse of communism on academia in the post-communist world, specifically, in my case, in post-Soviet Russia.
I have taken as my focus the Academy of Sciences as a defining feature of the Soviet model of science management and the center of the struggle for preeminence in post-Soviet academia. Its fate provides the key not only to the future organizational shape of Russian science, but also the basis for discussion of why things have developed the way they have. These developments could be summed up in sporting terms as the "academy versus the rest." 1 Here, when we refer to the academy, we mean the academy elite. That is an inherently vague category, but refers essentially to the academy's top officials (president, vice presidents, presidium members, and academician secretaries) and those members of the acad