politically influential role of individual scientists and academic communities in the institutionalization of scientific knowledge. Equally significant is the extension of their influence to broader arenas of social change. The historical data in these cases clearly demonstrate that Soviet scholars were not so totally constrained by the Communist Party elite that they could not act decisively in their own interests, nor were East Central Europeans immobilized by the extension of Soviet power westward. Scholars in the USSR and East Central Europe asserted agency over a wide variety of issues, from philosophical interpretations of scientific theories to the infrastructure of research and higher education. We come away from this volume, therefore, with heightened respect for those who had the courage to shape the history of academia at times of political and social upheaval in the past, and with a deeper appreciation for the unfinished business of academia today.
The author expresses her appreciation to Mark B. Adams for his comments on an earlier draft of this chapter.