In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army

By Edward J. Drea | Go to book overview

CHAPTER ONE
TRADITION AND CIRCUMSTANCES

The Imperial Japanese Army's Tactical Response to Khalkhin-Gol, 1939

This chapter emphasizes the tactical realm and examines in detail the impact of military defeat on small unit organization, equipment, and doctrine: in short, it looks in microcosm at the reaction to defeat.

Such an approach is illuminating provided one has access to military documents that candidly acknowledge the deficiencies responsible for defeat and prescribe the remedies for future victory. My method is to describe a single example of how a large and modern army tactically analyzed a grave military defeat. I also discuss what that army did to implement tactical reform based on the lessons of defeat. I have selected the Imperial Japanese Army's reaction to its disastrous defeat by the Soviet Red Army at Khalkhin-Gol (Japanese name, Nomonhan) in the summer of 1939.

The IJA regarded Khalkhin-Gol as their first exposure to modern, combined arms warfare. 1 Khalkhin-Gol was the culmination of almost two decades of Japanese tactical innovation, alterations in force structure, and doctrinal development designed specifically to fight the Soviets. When applied, however, these improvements were deficient. As a consequence, Japanese staff officers carefully and meticulously studied the tactics of their battlefield operations in search of lessons applicable to future combined arms warfare. Before discussing their findings, however, a brief review of the military operations around Khalkhin-Gol is needed to convey the magnitude of the disaster that befell the IJA.

-1-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 302

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.