Schooling for Success: Preventing Repetition and Dropout in Latin American Primary Schools

By Laura Randall; Joan B. Anderson | Go to book overview

In 1997, the marginal cost of a student was R$915.56 per year. The economic benefits of the program were 2.1 million reais (1 reais = 1 dollar), a saving of more than 10 percent of the investment in the program in 1996 (R$19.6 million).


Future Outlook

The several programs spoken of here are characterized by decentralization and supervision. However, they should take into account both teacher training and the social function of a school. The programs' success should increase the ability of the poorest citizens to earn a living and consequently should improve Brazil's highly unequal income distribution. This concept underlies the government's strong commitment to four-year financing of the programs and its multiple strategies to publicize and implement them, which is a strong element favoring their success.


Notes
1.
Data presented here should be examined in conjunction with those presented in chapter 8 in this book.
2.
The survey SAEB/95 included 2,289 public and 511 private schools, 90,500 students in the fourth and eighth grades of basic education and the third year of high school.

References

Fletcher, Philip R. 1997. As dimensões transversal e longitudinal do modelo profluxo. Rio de Janeiro, UNESCO, 1997.

Pino, Ivany R., and Angel Pino. 1992. "Educação escolar, desigualdade social e cidadania." In A educação e os trabalhadores. São Paulo: Pàgina Aberta.

Ribeiro, Sergio Costa. 1990. "A pedagogia da repetência." Tecnologia Educacional: Rio de Janeiro 19, no. 97 (November/December).


Documents

Assoacação de Professores do Estado de São Paulo, APEOESP, 1997. As Inovaçães Introduzidas pela Secretaria de Educasção do Estado, São Paulo, Novembro.

-----. 1996. Informe Estatistico. Brasilia.

-----. 1997. Aceleração de Aprendizagem. Programa e Subsidios para Implantação.

-----. 1997. Evolução da Educação Básica no Brasil 1991-1997. Brasilia.

-----. 1997. Programa de Aceleração da Aprendizagent-Orientaição para Implantaçãao. Brasilia.

-----. 1997. Programa Toda Criançãa na Escola. Brasilia.

-----. 1998. Relatório Final SAEB/95. Brasilia.

Programa das Naçes Unidas paro o Desenvolvimento Instituto de Pesquisa Económica Aplicada Secretaria do Estado de Educaço. Governo do Distrito Federal. PNUD/IPEA. 1996. Relatório sobre o Desenvolvintento Humano, no Brasil 1996. Brasilia.

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Schooling for Success: Preventing Repetition and Dropout in Latin American Primary Schools
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Tables and Graphs ix
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Part I - Introduction and Overview 1
  • References 22
  • Notes 31
  • References 31
  • References 42
  • Note 50
  • General References 51
  • References 59
  • Part II - Basic Education Systems 61
  • Notes 73
  • General Bibliography 73
  • Notes 87
  • References 101
  • Notes 116
  • References 117
  • Part III - Repetition and Dropout: Measurement and Programs 119
  • Note 140
  • References 140
  • Notes 150
  • References 150
  • Notes 161
  • References 161
  • Bibliography 174
  • Part IV - Decentralization 177
  • Bibliography 199
  • General References 209
  • Notes 225
  • General References 226
  • Part V - Curriculum 227
  • Bibliography 244
  • Bibliography 255
  • Part VI - Teaching Conditions: Training and Salaries 263
  • Notes 275
  • References 275
  • General References 289
  • Note 299
  • General References 300
  • Notes 307
  • Biblography 307
  • Part VII - Conclusion 309
  • About the Editors and Contributors 317
  • Index 325
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