in the learning of the least favored students. In the case of Learning Is Sweet, the average unit direct cost per year per beneficiary in this program is $514.70. If the direct and indirect population of children impacted by the program is taken into account, the average unit cost per child is around $20 per year. 2
The decision of investing to reduce inequity requires understanding that the change occurs slowly, because it is a change of cultural models, of governing principles.
In the Learning Is Sweet program, the poor sector families showed not only their sensitivity to assuming their educational responsibilities, but also their capacity to carry them out. Nevertheless, it was the schools that decided the areas in which they could develop their educational capacities. It is therefore necessary to ligitimate the families' educational role and therefore their rights and responsibilities in the formal education of their children.
Moreover, the directors' management of the schools with difficult conditions in both programs shows that in addition to continuous training of teachers, a specific high level training of school directors is required.
The policy decisions to approach equity also must consider the importance of making visible the role of ethical principles and values in the distinct levels of society. The educational system has a fundamental place, stimulating the learning of ethical attitudes and behaviors related to respect for differences, non-discrimination, autonomy, and solidary cooperation. It is this that could re-situate its relevance in the interrelation with the achievement of cognitive, affective and social competencies and contribute to making equity a motor of society's development.
Cardemil, C., and M. Latorre. 1992. El programa de las 900 escuelas: ejes de la gestión y evaluación de su impacto. UNESCO: Santiago de Chile. Marzo.
----. 1997. Informe final. Procesos y resultados del programa mejorando la calidad de los aprendizajes: Un desafio para la familia y la escuela. Aprender es Dulce. Santiago de Chile: CIDE.