Schooling for Success: Preventing Repetition and Dropout in Latin American Primary Schools

By Laura Randall; Joan B. Anderson | Go to book overview

the government perceived these problems to be a consequence of an institutional decentralization concentrated only in administrative and financial aspects.

The profound effect generated by the financial mechanism of the subsidy per student introduced competition among educational institutions. According to Espinola ( 1991) the need to obtain resources through student attendance "required the directors, and also the teachers, to look outside the school and to pay attention to what the parents wanted in it." Thus, the need of responding to "the clients," trying to satisfy them with the educational services offered, would be a new element that has generated changes within the schools. Finally, one must also point out the impact of competition on demand for educational services (see Table 18.1), which caused the sustained and massive transfer of students from the municipal schools to private subsidized schools over a ten-year period.

Thus, according to the stated objectives, it is possible to conclude that the decentralization reform led to better opportunities to improve the efficiency of the system as well as to greater parental participation. On the other hand, teachers' working conditions got worse, at least regarding their salaries. Finally, a strong controversy surrounds the effect of the decentralization reform on quality and equity of education.


General References

Aedo, Cristián, and Osvaldo Larrañaga. 1993. "Politica social: Un marco analitico." Washington, DC: ILADES/Georgetown University, Serie Investigación. Programa de postgrado en economia

Arriagada, Patricio, Juan Matulic, and Cristián Trucco. 1979. Descentralización de la gestión educacional en Chile. Santiago. Mimeo

Cerda, Ana, María, María de la Luz Silva, and Iván Nñez. 1991. "El sistema escolar y la profesión docente." Santiago: PIIE

Chile. Ministerio de Educación. 1991. Estatuto de los Profesionales'de la Educación. Law no. 19.070. Santiago

-----. 1992. "Informe Nacional." In OEI, "II Conferencia Iberoamericana de Educación:" "La descentralización educativa," ed. OEI, pp. 173-181. Santa Fe de Bogotá (Colombia), November 4-6

Jofré, Gerardo. 1988. "El sistema de subvenciones en educación: La experiencia Chilena." Santiago: Centros de Estudios Públicos, Doc. de trabajo no. 99

Latorre, Luis, Iváán Nuñez, Luis Eduardo González, and Ricardo Hevia. 1991. La municipalización de la educación: una mirada desde los administradores del sistema. Santiago: PIIE

Pérez, Andrés. 1996. "El marco normativo de la descentralización educativa en América Latina: comentario a las presentaciones de Silvia Novick de Senen González, Juan" Casassus y Elizabeth King. London, ON: University of Western Ontario

Tünnermann, Carlos. 1996. Panel: "Condiciones para el éxito de la descentralización en paises con diferentes niveles de desarrollo. Sumario." n.p. Universidad Centroamericana, July 25-26

-209-

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Schooling for Success: Preventing Repetition and Dropout in Latin American Primary Schools
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Tables and Graphs ix
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Part I - Introduction and Overview 1
  • References 22
  • Notes 31
  • References 31
  • References 42
  • Note 50
  • General References 51
  • References 59
  • Part II - Basic Education Systems 61
  • Notes 73
  • General Bibliography 73
  • Notes 87
  • References 101
  • Notes 116
  • References 117
  • Part III - Repetition and Dropout: Measurement and Programs 119
  • Note 140
  • References 140
  • Notes 150
  • References 150
  • Notes 161
  • References 161
  • Bibliography 174
  • Part IV - Decentralization 177
  • Bibliography 199
  • General References 209
  • Notes 225
  • General References 226
  • Part V - Curriculum 227
  • Bibliography 244
  • Bibliography 255
  • Part VI - Teaching Conditions: Training and Salaries 263
  • Notes 275
  • References 275
  • General References 289
  • Note 299
  • General References 300
  • Notes 307
  • Biblography 307
  • Part VII - Conclusion 309
  • About the Editors and Contributors 317
  • Index 325
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