Schooling for Success: Preventing Repetition and Dropout in Latin American Primary Schools

By Laura Randall; Joan B. Anderson | Go to book overview
1.
Mexico is a federal country with thirty-one states and one Federal District ( Mexico City, the national capital). Within the states, there are over 2,500 municipalities.
2.
This chapter is based on case study work in Gershberg ( 1996b), which provides details on the methodology used to formulate many of the insights and assertions made below.
3.
Basic education refers to preschool, primary, and secondary school levels. The NAMBE also included initial, indigenous, and normal schooling. Only teachers and administrators in the National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE, the federal compensatory program targeting isolated communities) and the Federal District remained officially employed by the federal Government.
4.
The source for Tables 19.3 and 19.4 is SEP ( 1994).
5.
Remember that the 1990-91 time period is really a comparison between the 1990-91 and 1991-92 school years; therefore it is the time period immediately before the May 1992 NAMBE.
6.
In addition, all these data have computation problems because neither the SEP nor the SEEs can track individual students. For instance, one could see enrollment rates of over 100 percent (because of students being left back or migrating between states); the terminal efficiency rate suffers similarly.

General References

Gershberg, A. I. 1998a. "Decentralization and Recentralization: Lessons from the Social Sectors in Mexico and Nicaragua," OCE Working Paper Series, WP-379. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank. August 1998.

-----. 1998b. "Decentralization, Recentralization and Performance Accountability: Building an Operationally Useful Framework for Analysis," Development Policy Review, vol. 16, no. 4: pp. 405-431.

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). 1994. Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1994 Report. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, October.

SEP. 1994 Indicadores Educativos: 1988-1989 a 1994-1995. Mexico, D.F.: SEP.

-----. 1996. Compendio Estadistico del Gasto Educativo, 1995. Mexico City: SEP, March.


Works Cited

Gershberg, Alec Ian. 1995. "Fiscal Decentralization and Intergovernmental Relations: An Analysis of Federal Versus State Education Finance in Mexico." Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies 7, no. 2 (July).

-----. 1996b. "Case Study Report: Mexican Educational Decentralization 1992-1996." Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, RE2/SO2. October 20. Mimeo.

Peterson, George E. 1994. "Decentralization in Latin America: An Overview of Lessons and Issues." Washington, DC: World Bank, LATAD, May. Mimeo.

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Schooling for Success: Preventing Repetition and Dropout in Latin American Primary Schools
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Tables and Graphs ix
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Part I - Introduction and Overview 1
  • References 22
  • Notes 31
  • References 31
  • References 42
  • Note 50
  • General References 51
  • References 59
  • Part II - Basic Education Systems 61
  • Notes 73
  • General Bibliography 73
  • Notes 87
  • References 101
  • Notes 116
  • References 117
  • Part III - Repetition and Dropout: Measurement and Programs 119
  • Note 140
  • References 140
  • Notes 150
  • References 150
  • Notes 161
  • References 161
  • Bibliography 174
  • Part IV - Decentralization 177
  • Bibliography 199
  • General References 209
  • Notes 225
  • General References 226
  • Part V - Curriculum 227
  • Bibliography 244
  • Bibliography 255
  • Part VI - Teaching Conditions: Training and Salaries 263
  • Notes 275
  • References 275
  • General References 289
  • Note 299
  • General References 300
  • Notes 307
  • Biblography 307
  • Part VII - Conclusion 309
  • About the Editors and Contributors 317
  • Index 325
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