An Introduction to the Methods and Materials of Literary Criticism: The Bases in Aesthetics and Poetics

By Charles Mills Gayley; Fred Newton Scott | Go to book overview

CHAPTER IV. .
THE THEORY OF POETRY

§ 19. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM; METHOD OF STUDY.

THE student should determine first the relation of poetics to rhetoric, and of these to what the Germans call 'stylistic.' See above, § 15 V, and Elze, Grundr. d. Engl. Philol., pp. 343- 360; Boeckh, Encycl. d. philol. Wissensch., pp. 810-812; Wackernagel, Poetik, Rhetorik, u. Stylistik, p. 409 et seq.; Adolf Calmberg, Die Kunst d. Rede (2. Aufl. Leipz. u. Zürich: 1885); and the best English authorities, Bain, Minto, Whately, Spalding. The question as to whether metric should be classed under poetics cannot satisfactorily be decided before the laws of peotic from (I, C 2 below) have been studied; but an introductory view of the relative positions of metric and poetics may be obtained from the references above, and from Elze, Grundr., pp. 360-363; Gummere, Poetics; Stedman, Nature and Elements of Poetry, pp. 8-27, 60-62; Lanier, Science of Verse; Wordsworth, Prefaces to the Lyrical Ballads, and Appendix; Coleridge, Poe, and others, as given in §§ 20, 23, below. On the relation of poetics to aesthetics, and therefore of poetry to art in general, Kedney's Hegel's Aesthetics, pp. 263-273; von Hartmann's Aesthetik, pp. 524-580; Boeckh's Encykl., pp. 464-473, 536-553, and references in §§ 8 and 20 may be consulted.

The critical study of poetry as determined by fundamental principles of art may be conducted as follows:

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