Social Aspects of Industry: A Survey of Labor Problems and Causes of Industrial Unrest

By S. Howard Patterson | Go to book overview
legislation has restricted the length of the working day. But many groups of unorganized and unskilled laborers have profited neither by legislation nor by collective bargaining in the reduction of the hours of employment.Human conservation involves not only the reduction of excessive hours of labor, but also the improvement of working conditions. Modern industry is characterized not only by increased productivity, but also by an excessive nervous and physical strain. Although most employers have not favored a reduction of the hours of labor, many of them have sought to lessen the burden of industrial fatigue by various improvements in working conditions. Many of them are designed to increase the comfort and to preserve the health of the employees. Management is seeking to reconcile industrial efficiency with human welfare.
Collateral Reading
BLOOMFIELD D., "Problems of Labor," pp. 139-171.
CATLIN W. B., "The Labor Problem," chap. 4.
CHENERY W., "Industry and Human Welfare," chap. 5.
COMMONS J. R., "Trade Unionism and Labor Problems," see. ser., chaps. 38 and 45.
COMMONS J. R., and ANDREWS J. B., "Principles of Labor Legislation," rev., chap. 5, 1927.
FITCH J. A., "Causes of Industrial Unrest," chap. 2.
FURNISS E. S., "Labor Problems," chap. 5.
NEARING S., "Social Adjustment," chaps. 9 and 10.
U. S. Commission on Industrial Relations, Final Report, pp. 127-143 and 255-261, 1916.
WATKINS G. S., "Introduction to a Study of Labor Problems," chap. 7.
WEBB S. and B., "Industrial Democracy," chap. 6.

References
ARCHBALD H., "The Four Hour Day in Coal."
American Labor Legislation Review, especially March, 1914, December, 1920.
BLANCHARD P., "Labor in Southern Cotton Mills."
BRANDEIS L. D., and GOLDMARK J., Briefs in the case of of Ritchie vs. Wagman, Illinois, 1909 and in the case of People vs. Charles Schweinler Press, New York, 1915.
COMMONS J. R., "Documentary History of American Industrial Society," vol. 8.
DICKSON W. B., "Eight Hour Day and Six Day Week in the Continuous Industries", American Labor Legislation Review, March, 1917.
Federated American Engineering Society, Committee on Work Periods in Continuous Industries, Report, 1922.
FITCH J. A., "The Steel Workers."
FLORENCE P. S., "Economics of Fatigue and Unrest and the Efficiency of Labor in Industry."
GOLDMARK J., "Fatigue and Efficiency."
GOMPERS S., "Labor and the Common Welfare."
Great Britain Ministry of Munitions, Health of Munitions Workers Committee, Memoranda, 1915 and 1916.
HAMMOND M. B., "British Labor Conditions and Legislation during the War."
Interchurch World Movement, Commission of Inquiry, Steel Strike Report, 1919; Public Opinion and the Steel Strike.
International Labor Office, studies and reports, ser. D, 1919.

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