Social Aspects of Industry: A Survey of Labor Problems and Causes of Industrial Unrest

By S. Howard Patterson | Go to book overview
represent the chief methods of approach. The development of personnel departments and of vocational education will also help to decrease the volume of unemployment and labor turnover.There are several ways by which the state may reduce unemployment and care for the unemployed. In the first place, public labor exchanges help to bring together the manless job and the jobless man. In the second place, the better distribution of public work will help to reduce unemployment. This should be curtailed in periods of prosperity and increased in periods of depression rather than undertaken uniformly throughout all phases of the business cycle. In the third place, there is the possibility of unemployment insurance.Unemployment insurance is neither a pension system nor a dole, if it is contributory rather than gratuitous. Compulsory in character and extensive in its coverage, unemployment insurance is always supervised by the government. Sometimes it is administered and subsidized by the state. Scientific unemployment insurance is on an actuarial basis, that is, the rate of premium is proportionate to the risk of unemployment. In this way the burden is placed on the backs of the irregular trades. Great Britain has had a longer and more extensive experience with unemployment insurance than any other important nation.
Collateral Reading
ATKINS W. E. and LASSWELL H. D., "Labor Attitudes and Problems", chap. 12.
BLOOMFIELD D., "Problems of Labor", pp. 171-185.
BLUM S., "Labor Economics", chaps. 8, 9, 10.
BYE R. T., and HEWETT W. W., "Applied Economics", chap. 4.
CARLTON F. T., "History and Problems of Organized Labor", chap. 17.
CARVER T. N., "Foundations of National Prosperity", part 4, chap. 3.
CATLIN W. B., "The Labor Problem", chap. 3.
CHASE S., "The Tragedy of Waste", chaps. 3 and 8.
CHENERY W., "Industry and Human Welfare", chap. 6.
COMMONS J. R., Editor, "Trade Unionism and Labor Problems", see. ser., part 2.
COMMONS J. R. and ANDREWS J. B., "Principles of Labor Legislation", rev., chap. 6, 1927.
ESTEY J. A., "The Labor Problem", chaps. 10, 15, 16 and 21.
FAIRCHILD F. R. ., FURNISS E. S., and BUCK N. S., "Elementary Economics", vol. 2, chap. 51.
FITCH J. A., "Causes of Industrial Unrest", chap. 5.
FURNISS E. S., "Labor Problems", chaps. 2 and 3.
HAMILTON W. H., "Current Economic Problems", pp. 554-566.
HOBSON J. A., "The Industrial System", chap. 18.
HOOPINGARNER D. L., "Labor Relations in Industry", chap. 15.
LAUCK J. W. and SYDENSTRICKER E., "Condition of Labor in American Industries", chaps. 3 and 4.
NEARING S., "Social Adjustment", chap. 14.
SPALDING H. S., "Social Problems and Agencies", part 1, chap. 11.
Survey Associates, "How to Meet Hard Times", The Survey, Feb. 5, 1921.
TEAD O. and METCALF H. C., "Personnel Administration", chap. 27.

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